Sponsors, Hunger Games, and a Little Cheddar

Using GoDaddy.com I check data on this website.   I also check sources that provide a test on safety and ranking.  (Need to ensure Puttingitontheline hasn’t been linked to those more nefarious sites out there.) This site is visited often and folks take their time trying to read what I’ve written.  I appreciate your efforts.

I read your paper and understood

For the most part you are not too critical regarding my writing skills.  I’ve written a lot despite my lack of sentence or paragraph construction ability.  You might even find it surprising to learn several of my “scientific” papers actually earned unsolicited awards.  Then, science types not English or writing majors reviewed those papers.

What is it they say about a fitting shoe?

Once a reader slammed my sentence structure on Facebook.  I accepted his criticism and requested he send me an example of his writing so I could learn a thing or two.  I never heard back.  The article he slammed is one of the more read and shared works.

I kept the angry review posted on Facebook for several years. If I’d get writers block I read it, have a laugh, and write something. There are many errors online that can be blamed on spellcheck and haste.  Others are simply the result of failed education.  My mad (I’d assumed he was mad based on the language he used) critic seemed to have reached his limit with either prose or me.  (Shared wisdom of Mark Twain: “I never let my schooling get in the way of my education. With that we are of the same mind despite his being long gone, perhaps missing before his demise or he was just more enlightened. The point is, the critic seemed un-educated, perhaps from a lack of opportunity or lack of effort. Both conditions can be overcome by trying.)

Despite most photos we see, Twain was not always a grey haired witty geezer.

Another obsessive-compulsive reader seems to live for typos.  One here never slips his examinations.  I’ll hear from him as soon as I post this writing. I write a lot and there are errors to support those works.

There’s a book and essay for sale here.  The book will have a few areas that might bog readers down. But, it is short and you won’t hurt yourself reading it. The book does have a paragraph or two that caused me to laugh when I read them.  Then, I knew what I was thinking when I wrote them.

The essay, while short, is a nice read.  You can buy both for under $10.00.  (Go to the Products tab to make your purchase) Do so, I’ll appreciate it. (Those last five words are one of those sentence things to excite my OCD reader.)

GoDaddy says there are about 26,000 visitors using this sight per month. That is a reason I keep writing, but not the exclusive driver.    One data site claims Puttingitontheline.com “shows us how good and useful this site is.” (1) They further had a link tempting me to recruit their support to monetize Puttingitontheline. It reminded me of a ProStaff agreement.

Alexa currently ranks Puttingitontheline.com in the top 1% of all websites.  I’m number 18 million out of 1.5 billion. Really there are only 200 million ‘active’ websites, so Puttingitontheline is among the top 9% of all ‘active’ sites. (2,3) Still, not bad.

There are a few similar websites that are more popular than this one.  Prime, the archery manufacturer, is listed as one of those sites.  They occupy a slightly higher spot on the Internet hierarchy. Archerydude.com is another site that out ranks Puttingitontheline. It is a pretty nice site with loads of commercial connections. I wonder if Archerydude is netting any cheddar. Those sites showed up in the data analysis because they had similar content as programmed in the algorithm used for the comparison.

Puttingitontheline isn’t a moneymaker.  I hope that changes.  There were “Sponsors” once on the site.  None of them truly sponsored anything.  They didn’t pay for the space.  One of the “Sponsor” top dogs claimed he was only getting about 30 referrals from my site to his per month. He let the numbers slip during our conversation. We were talking about having the company pay a little for the support and exposure they were getting form Puttingitontheline. He declined the invitation.

I estimated his company’s sales per month from those referrals to be $2250.00 or $27,000 annually. Again, the figures here are based on slipped information. The company isn’t a Wall Street titan and has an annual revenue of under $400k. The referrals meant Puttingitontheline helped add 6.75% to their earnings.  He didn’t want to share any of that so I dropped them as well as everyone else.

I’ve continued to follow the $400k company since I released them.  Their reported sales have decreased 9%. That might not mean anything because in general archery equipment sales have been dropping since 2016. (4)

Jennifer Lawrence showing us how to shoot a bow

Catching Fire, that Hunger Games movie came out in November of 2013. (5) The last of the series hit the box offices in 2015. (6) There was a peak during the Hunger Games series in archery sales. After that archery sales have settled back down to the pre-Hunger Games growth curve, if you could call it a curve. But, $27,000 is still $27,000. (The chronological drop in sales of the subject company did not line up with the movie sequence.  It did line up with their absence from Puttingitontheline.com)

Jennifer Lawrence does look better with a bow (and without one)

What I need is a movie about an old fellow that picks up a bow and becomes some kind of comic book hero to the Social Security demographic.  Maybe the hero is a wizard, like Gandalf from the Hobbit and Lord of the Rings, except the action takes place in the future – not Middle Earth. The Gandalf-ish character uses a magical bow to fling magical arrows saving those distressed in an apocalyptic age. (Literary trivia note:  The Hobbit was written in 1937 and has never been out of print.)

“A bow and arrow? Never!”

Should that movie develop with success the bow manufactures will reap rewards when all the silver haired movie goers decide to give archery a try. Pharma would see an uptake in beta-blocker sales and maybe some of those ex-ProStaff sponsors might fork out a few bucks for a link from here to their site.



(See those references? I don’t just make it up – not all of it.)


In 2010 at the Ironman World Championship Mirinda Carfrae won setting a new course record.  In 2009 she’d set a new marathon record for the course. In 2009 she lost the Ironman World Championship to Chrissie Wellington. In 2010 Wellington didn’t race.

Mirinda Carfrae

During an interview Carfrae was asked whether her 2010 victory seemed less meaningful because Wellington hadn’t raced.  She replied, “You can only race against those who show up.”

Recently, I won a State field championship.  I knew whom I was shooting against having competed against them a number of times. Some of the guys I’d shot against in the past showed up, some didn’t.

Chrissie Wellington

Overall, the event was not well attended and for some champions they were alone in their division. “You can only shoot against those who show up.”

A friend of mine just won a State championship.  He was solo in his division.  He shot well and deserved the win compared to past scores.  He loves to shoot.  Seemingly the shooting is more important than the winning.  He often doesn’t stick around for his award after a tournament. He pretty much shoots then hits the road before the awards ceremony.  He never brags about his victories. It is more likely he’d complain we’d not performed as well as he’d hoped.  The tournament isn’t a matter of winning, it is a matter of shooting.

Competing in a tournament where you are the only athlete in your class has got to be a let down. Nevertheless, you compete by doing your best;  next time you might not be alone in the field.

In my division the field is never empty in my experience.  In fact, if doesn’t matter if I’m competing in archery, running, cycling, duathlon or triathlons.  There are always others who have shown up to win.   There is always someone else to push. Sometimes I win, sometimes I don’t.

There’s also someone that says, “We’ll you had fun.” If I earned a second or third, it really wasn’t as much fun as a first.  Overall, I have not won more times than I have won. Winner is hard.

In general, I compete to better my results. (And to win) That can be done simply by shooting in the backyard.  There are  incredible archers that won’t compete because they refuse to pay the price to play.

I had a friend, a cyclist, who in his 60s could train with and do well against younger athletes of a national and international caliber.  I asked him why he didn’t race.  He said, “I don’t have time for that.” Sadly, this athlete expired in his 80s.  He was still riding his bike days before he kicked the bucket. His position on not having time for a ‘race’ makes a bit of sense to me now that I’m in my 60s. Racing is fun, but it is expensive and takes a lot of time.

Archery is expensive.  The major tournaments can be very pricey.  Archery, however, costs a lot less than a triathlon. Archery prices for competitions are about the same as running events.  Some of the local events cost about the same as a 5K.  The bigger events cost about the same as a marathon. Regional or State level tournaments are in the ballpark of a 10K or half-marathon.

On the other hand I know athletes new to a sport competing where frequently contests have low turn outs for minor events. They, the new folks, have won such contests.  Some, when they do win, they pronounce themselves heroes. Sure they’re proud of their victory. But, no one else showed up. Worse their results are often made available for everyone to admire.  Seriously, too often such data should be held in silence.

There are, too, athletes that fall way short of the prize and should be celebrated.  A friend recently lost at the IBO World Championship. He didn’t even make the top 10. However, his performance was so close. If you are a competitive athlete you know that a few points or a few tenths of a second can be the difference between 1stand 10th. Once, at a National Championship I ended up in 8th place, less than a second out of first place.

In the case of the IBO archer he was proud and shared his results. They were impressive.  There was no braggadocio. I was proud for him and felt his happiness.  There was nothing hollow about it.

Then, there’s the fellow who won an archery target tournament where he was the single shooter who’d earned a low score.  He was proud and even a little arrogant.  His attitude and smug conceit were appalling.

You can only compete against those who show up in an athletic event.  When it comes down to it you can only improve yourself.   Should you win when there isn’t any one to compete against there’s no need to get a swollen head.  If you lose in a great field and perform well congratulations are in order.

In sanctioned events where you end up the only person in your division know this – records can still be broken. Don’t compete half assed knowing you’ve got that $2.00 medal in the bag. Perform to win. Everyday that winning attitude will pay dividends.

In 2011 Carfrae and Wellington went head to head at the Ironman World Championship.  Wellington won.

Big Game Hunters

The law tries to keep a balance between the rights of regular people to enjoy land and the rights of landowners. If there is no fence, the land has not been improved, looks unoccupied and has no posted sign, then someone can assume the land is public for the use of anyone. Under the natural squatter law, the community should use land for productive purposes. Unused land returns to communal ownership.

Adjacent to our property is vacant land, about 24 acres.  The land has old logging roads and trails.  There are a number of abandon tree stands on the property. A friend of mine once hunted on this property.  He no longer hunts there because of the homes next to the land.

The homes are on ‘estate lots’ which means larger than 3 acres in Walton County.  The range is from 3 to 10 acres. Our sparsely populated development, 9 homes, connect with the unused land.

There’s one paved road that leads onto the 24 acre plot of land.  At the end of the road is one house; the road is about a quarter of a mile long.  It connects with Georgia Highway 186.  This one road runs parallel with the road we live on.

The trails on my property connect with the trails on this vacant land.  I’ve run on them for nearly two years, since we moved back to Georgia.  By running the trails I can connect with the single paved road running parallel with our road. There is zero traffic and great for running. Until this past weekend.

The owner of the property seems to have given permission to a couple of guys to hunt on that land.  These fellows work Monday through Friday and will hunt on Saturday and perhaps an occasional Sunday.  My primary running on these trails is Monday through Friday.  On weekends I’m more likely to be shooting in a tournament or running in a race.  During hunting season I’ll take time off from my routine and go hunting on my father-in-laws property – around 900 acres. A few of my neighbors have also enjoyed the trails and short walks through the woods.

In Georgia, ““Wandering, strolling, and walking around a private property which doesn’t have expressed prohibition to enter it do not amount to trespassing unless the person enters the property with unlawful purpose.” (1)

Sadly these hunters have now posted “No Trespassing” signs all over the property.  The signs are posted immediately next to everyone else’s property. Now the land is for the sole pleasure of a couple of guys.

I can still run through the woods on my land and the easement along the paved roads that encompass the signed off hunting zone.  That modified run isn’t as nice.

I’ve had trail cameras up on my property since I’ve lived here.  In nearly two years I’ve seen two deer.  A small buck that got shot last year.  A doe I’d see every morning.  Last week, I saw her, dead, hit by a car on 186. There’s plenty deer nearby. However, those deer stay in the more forested nearby areas.

In a couple of weeks bow season opens here in Georgia.  The two “hunters” will be sitting in the once abandoned trees stands.  Their attire will equal that of a Special Forces soldier.  Their faces will be covered with green and black make-up.  And for the first time in a year they’ll be taking aim with a bow.  What is more worrisome is that gun season isn’t too far away. I expect any deer that might show up will be perfectly safe.

Not long ago I watched as one of these marksman as he tried to kill an armadillo with a 22 rifle from 10 yards.  He missed and needed to try again wounding it on the second attempt.  He let the poor creature hop around in pain for 5 solid minutes before in finally expire.

One evening I heard the same fellow fire off 24 rounds as he worked to rid his property of another armadillo.  The possum on a half shell was eventually scared enough to run away.

I suppose the land is convenient for these hunters.  They only need to drive their ATV about 200 feet to reach a tree stand.  I expect loads of big game hunter selfies and probably a phone collected video of their tree stand experiences. In the meantime, the wilder animals of the woods will pretty much be able to safely enough free corn.



Finding a Positive Practice Environment

.Chrissie Wellington is a champion of the Ironman. In fact, she’s never lost a race at the Ironman distance, 2.4-mile swim, 112 bike, and 26.2 mile run. She has lost at the shorter distances, but never at the longest distance. She won the Ironman World Championship the very first she tried it – a rare occurrence. And, she always seemed to be smiling. Everytime she raced the 140.6 mile triathlon she won it.

Wellington needed coaching and a place to train during her development as a triathlete. She was already really good but needed some help. She found a coach and within that coach’s pool were other athletes.

Unlike the other athletes, Wellington, before deciding to become a professional athlete had a career with the British State Department and was a rising star for the English. When she arrived at the coach’s camp she was clearly a grown-up who had taken a gamble. That gamble led her to this coach who turned out to be a bit toxic.

Being mature and experienced with that sort of individual and environment she recognized it wasn’t for her. She left to become one of the greatest athletes in the history of triathlon.

So, here are some points: As an athlete it isn’t your job to “please” the coach. It isn’t your place to accept any sarcastic or demeaning comments by anyone on the coaching staff- even if they aren’t officially associated with you. If you are a coach, whether you are coaching a particular athlete or not, it is not your place to project toxic language to anyone. The coach’s place is to see toxic language and behavior is not included in any aspect. If you are an athlete and you find yourself in such an environment move on. And if necessary report the behavior.

The Four “Cs” by Coach Mackenzie.

Coaching tip

Brian Mackenzie is a performance coach for the United Kingdom Track and Field Team. In 1997 he published a sports science paper in Psychologythat remains widely referenced and applied today. (1,)Mackenzie has illuminated some of the common denominators found among elite athletes. These common elements, associated with mental fitness, are what Mackenzie calls the “4C’s.”

The 4Cs are:

  • Concentration:your ability to maintain focus.
  • Confidence:believing in your ability.
  • Control:your ability to maintain emotional control regardless of the distraction.
  • Commitment:your ability to continue working toward your goal. (1)

It seems Mackenzie’s work is ideally suited for archery. Whether training, hunting or in competition the 4 C’s are relevant.


  1. Mackenzie, B. (1997) Psychology [WWW] available from: http//www.brianmac.co.uk/psych.htm


Social Circle Honors the Ace Apache Archery Team

The City of Social Circle offered the Ace Apache Archery Team an opportunity to be honored by the municipality. The City Council wanted to recognize the many State and National Championships won by their local team.  It was a nice gesture.

The Team Coach, “Big John” Chandler sent out an email to let the team members know of the City’s offer and whether or not those receiving the email would attend.  Many accepted and I was among them.  Those who were able to come were treated to a recognition program by the City Council including the Major of Social Circle.

Several of the team’s members were missing. Three were absent because their freshman year at college had opened.  All three, attending different Universities, had received athletic scholarships in archery. Two attending have scholarship offers waiting for them to complete their senior year in high school.   Another archer absent from the City Council meeting is in Madrid, Spain competing at the World Championship in archery.

This area has many excellent archery coaches and athletes.  Within a 30 miles radius of Social Circle there are four level 4 coaches and at least one level 3 coach.  There are three major teams coached by the level 4 coaches.  One of the level 4 coaches is the USA Para-Olympic coach. This is like a Mecca for archery.

The group is Social Circle is probably the smallest of the three teams.  This small group has an extremely high success rate during competitions having won, since 2015, over seven hundred State and National podium finishes. Along the way the team set many new records. A very nice performance by “Big John’s” team.

Mostly, the team is a group of young people.  They are all extremely polite and respectful of each other and, from experience, their elders. Ace Hardware and Social Circle should be proud – I know they are as are their parents.

It Has Been Hot But Not For Much Longer

Practicing outdoors in the summer is Georgia is sweaty work.  Trees cover my range and that makes a difference.  Still it has been hot. I’ll take the heat over the cold.

The days are already getting shorter.  They aren’t getting cooler and we could use some rain.  But, if you enjoy being outside and can tolerate the heat.  Tt has been a good summer for archery, not go great for lawns.

When it is 90°F or above I break up practice.  Lately, the practices have been about 90 minutes before I take a break.  When I finish shooting I’m sweating like the pig that knows it is dinner.  During the break between morning and afternoon practice I’ll have lunch, take a short nap, ride a bike, then shoot some more.

Bike riding seems to land during the hottest part of the day.  Often the temperature is well over 90°F by the time I roll off.  When I finish I’ll cool down have a snack and pick up the bow.

It seems like a lot of work and it is.  Before I’ve shot the first arrow in the morning I’ve run for 30 to 90 minutes. Generally, I’m on trails with my dog River before 0730 and it isn’t too hot.  Today, for example it was 77°F at 0720 when we headed out to run.

It has been too hot for River to do the entire run.  She ready to cut back and head home after a mile.  Because we run on our property and the undeveloped woods connected to our land she free range runs.  When it gets to hot for her she stops.  I’ll look back and she’ll start headed the way we came.  She’s not smarter than me when it comes to heat; I have a better cooling system than she does. When it cools off she’ll not want to stop running.

At any rate it has been hot. In the heat you have to keep fluid in you.  I’ve go a gizmo that measures my total body water (TBW).  I’ll check my TBW daily in an attempt to stay around 55%. When we’re born we’ll have a TBW of around 75%.  As we age that percentage decreases.  Essentially, we dry up and die. Stay hydrated.

Coaching Tip

Admittedly, I am looking forward to fall and moving up to 25 and 18 meters.  Then, winter will be here and I’ll have to begin making the trek to the indoor range at Ace Hardware in Social Circle.  Even in Georgia December, January and February are too cold for me to do much practicing outside.

Spend $4.99 On My Book

This website gets on average 24,220 visitors per month. You’re a visitor right now.  If you’re like most visitors you’ll read a couple of pages here before you move on.  Of the articles I write the most popular ones deal with health and fitness.

I’m retired.  Before I threw in the towel on my day job, that job had been in health and medicine; I learned a thing or two.  Over the course of a long career I published over 100 articles about health, medicine, and the science used to create better care.  Some of those works earned awards from medical congresses or science groups.  Along the way I earned a good many patents.  All that work was done in order to keep people safe and well.

What has always been an interest to me is how we age and why do some folks seem to live longer and age well?  Over years I observed 5 areas where people who seemed to be living longer and aging well exhibited common traits.

I’ve put those common life-style observations into a book.  The book is short less than 10,000 words.  I had a goal to keep it under 10,000 words.  Going over 10,000 words I felt might dilute the simplicity of those common traits.

If you’ve read much at this site you know I’m not a writer in the ballpark with Hemingway or Grisham. But, like this website, the ideas I’m trying to share do reach the reader. The book I’ve written is easy to read and gets the points across.

My book, Simple Ways to Add To Your Life, is available in Kindle format or paperback.  It is also inexpensive at $4.99.  You can purchase it on Amazon.  Here a link:


Go Amazon and spend a few bucks on my book.  The ways to living longer and aging well aren’t too difficult. Who knows spending $4.99 and reading the book might add some more time to your visit on Earth.  If it does, it will be money well spent.

As We Age We Need Longer Recovery Times

When I was in my twenties I could go on an eighty training one day and hammer it out again the next day. In fact, 120 miles rides day after day weren’t uncommon.  When I turned 40 I began to notice my legs felt sluggish for a day or two following a hard training ride or race.  Since I turned 50 I can’t recall a day where I haven’t been sore.

In this photo I’m 4th from the front, aged 48

“Masters athletes completing two training sessions per day should maximize the duration of the recovery period (i.e., early morning and late afternoon). Alternatively, following exercise that results in muscle damage such as weights or hard training, it should be expected that exercise performance will be reduced for up to 24 hours.” (1)

Right now my legs are sore. I’ve been running a lot over the past few weeks.  Nearly every morning I head out for 30 to 90 minutes.  During the afternoons I’ve been on a bike for 30 to 90 minutes.  There isn’t a duathlon on the horizon.  There is a 5K I’ll be running but it isn’t serious. Nope, there isn’t a bike race looming in the near future.  I’ve been putting in those miles thinking about 2020. Even so, I might not compete in any of those sports.  Archery is the primary sport for 2020.  All the other exercise is part of a fitness plan I have in place for archery.

At 60 I’m still being chased

Archery practice includes 3 to 5 hours of shooting per day.  That is broken into two practice sessions, morning and afternoon.  All of this exercise is supplemented by 30 minutes every morning of stretching and balance.  It is a lot of training.  I’m sore.

It isn’t a painful soreness. It is the kind of physical effort that lends itself to a good night’s sleep.  It isn’t delayed onset muscle soreness, that awful pain that sometimes follows a particularly heavy effort that one might not be accustom.  No, it is a general soreness and eases once I start a run, ride or shooting session. This isn’t how I felt at twenty-one. I barely remember being sore during those youthful days.

Coaching Tip

As we age, I’ll be 65 soon, it take us longer to recover.  As part of recovery I plan one day a week or every 10 days were I don’t do more that the morning stretch and balance as far as training is concerned. Furthermore, I take a nap, 30 to 40 minutes, everyday after lunch.  That nap is part of my training plan.  During my bicycle racing days we had a set of rules that included:  Don’t stand when you can sit, don’t sit when you can lay down. I know that short nap helps with the afternoon training.

Nearly half of all competitive archers are over the age of 50

If you’re among the Masters athletes in any sport you might be envious of those kids in their 20s and 30s. In archery we can perform longer at a higher level than most other sports.  You will still need to plan recovery times.  Use your head, plan your practices and training, and you shoot as well as the kids.

At 64 using archery to fulfill my need to compete.
ITU World Championship, Long Course Duathlon, Team USA (age 53)

If you plan your recovery and taper before major events make sure you’ve practice that schedule before the event.  I find if I am too rested I tend to shoot a bit high.  I also know, that lifting weights on Monday screws up archery for Tuesday. (1)

Be aware, all you Masters archers and athletes, it will take you longer to recover. (Trying to ‘Will’ a faster recovery doesn’t seem to work.  I’m trying it right now.  No dice.)


1.)  https://www.mastersathlete.com.au/2017/03/weve-proved-it-older-athletes-do-take-longer-to-recover/

VO2 Max and Your Health

“VO2 max (also maximal oxygen consumptionmaximal oxygen uptakepeak oxygen uptake or maximal aerobic capacity) is the maximum rate of oxygen consumption measured during incremental exercise; that is, exercise of increasing intensity.[1][2] The name is derived from three abbreviations: “V” for volume, “O2” for oxygen, and “max” for maximum. Maximal oxygen consumption reflects cardiorespiratory fitness and endurance capacity in exercise performance.” (1)

We bought an indirect calorimeter for our Department of Cardiopulmonary and Neurological Science where I once worked as the Associate Director.  I’d been racing bikes and had hoped to be on the 1980 Olympic Team.  That didn’t work out.  I still continued to train.  For fun, and to learn how to use the gizmo, my science buddies decided I’d be the perfect test subject.  The measured result was 86. That’s high.  I didn’t now it at the time.  I’d paid very little attention to sports physiology being more interested in clinical physiology and disease management.

Testing a cyclist using indirect calorimeter (2)

No, I have no idea what my current VO2 max is exactly.  There is a calculation that estimates the VO2 max.  Using that equation my VO2 max is 68.85. By the time a man reaches 65 there is an estimate drop in VO2 max by 30% compared to when he was in his 20s. That would give me a VO2 max of 58.

Calculated for me to be 68.85 compared to the general population calculated score of 58 for my age isn’t really out of the ballpark. The two scores are both high, which is what I’d expect.  I still train a lot and do a lot of cardio work.  Admittedly, I’m not doing the same quantity I did when I was training for triathlons.  I feel it, the degraded  level of fitness and it shows in my content of body weight.

Aside from weight I check my body fat content.  When I competed in cycling and triathlons my percentage of body fat ran from 3.4% to 6.2%. These days it hovers around 9%.  This percentage is in the range of athletes.  My archery training program includes: stretching, running, archery, cycling, and weight lifting and is rather stringent.  It also takes between 38 and 42 hours a week to complete (28 hours a week shooting).  It is a pretty tight schedule and without a day off is would wear me down. But, all that work does help to keep me fit.

Today, aside from testing athletes, VO2 max is an indicator of health.  Archers typically aren’t the subjects of indirect calorimetry to determine VO2 max. Most people, including archers, probably don’t care.  It isn’t as if archers are running anywhere.

When I searched for VO2 max testing in archers on Pubmed I found 0 articles.  Heck, you can look around at any archery tournament and recognize those athletes aren’t likely to be endurance running machines. (3)

However, VO2 max is an indicator of your health.  A low VO2 max has been associated with poor fitness and health. Here’s a simple equation to estimate VO2 Max:

VO22 max = 15 x [HRmax(max)/HR(resting)]

Where, VO2 max is the maximal oxygen consumption

HR(max) is maximum heart rate (during exercise)

HR(rest) is your resting heart rate.

This is the equation I used to calculate my estimated VO2 max. (4) However, I exercised and used my actual heart rate rather than estimate the HR max.  Then, the next morning before I got out of bed I recorded my resting heart rate.  I think this is a better way to get the numbers. Those numbers were applied to the equation.  There is an equation to get an estimated max heart rate.  That equation never worked for me.

Take a look at your overall health.  You may be an excellent archer and not be the most fit athlete.  Being fit can help you in archery. You might be surprised to learn how many calories you burn during a tournament. (5) Staying fit can only help your shooting.


(1) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VO2_max

(2) https://www.maastrichtinstruments.nl/2015/02/10/teic-high-performance-center-features-mis-indirect-calorimeter/

(3) https://curiosity.com/topics/why-you-need-a-healthy-vo2max-and-how-you-can-get-it-curiosity/

(4) https://m.wikihow.com/Measure-VO2-Max