I’ve watched an archer blow a shot early in a tournament and mentally quit. He’s an excellent archer who rarely misses. But, for a while, when he did blow a shot he mentally shut down.
His coach was aware of the problem and worked with the archer until he learned to move past those moments of internal anger that were causing him to give up. Oh, for clarification the miss that might have caused his mental collapse was a 9.
There’s another fellow that I’ve frequently shot against that will nearly always make a bad shot. His error would make a 9 (a missed 10) seem minor (which it is). He will make the error; laugh about it, then won’t make another mistake.
Shooting arrows leads to misses. Shooting a perfect score against a vertical 3-spot (compound bow inner 10) at 18-meters remains uncommon, although it has occurred. Imagine you are competing at 18-meters, you’ve shot 32 tens then you land a nine. *
You can let that 9 ruin your day or you can blow it off and shoot 27 more tens. Know that everybody will make a mistake. What will matter to you is how you recover from your mistake. That archer next to you may be having a better day or not. You don’t know and you can’t do anything about that athlete. You can do something about you and remember it’s not over until it’s over.
*My guess is that if you’ve shot 32 tens in a row you already are at a point in your practice and competition where you knew all of what I just wrote. For those of you who still throw out 8s or less, don’t worry about them. Regroup and fire off some more 10s.
I’m a pretty good archer. I’m a better cyclist and better runner. Since beginning archery cycling and running have been adjuncts to archery training. Since beginning archery I’ve better at archery and less good running and cycling.
Certainly, I do not log the miles running and cycling I did before shooting arrows. Nevertheless, I run almost every day and ride up to 6 times a week. But, I do both to stay fit for archery.
Now, you may be 25 years old and don’t yet see the reason to do either in order to shoot a bow well. Hear me now and believe me later, your youthful fitness will not last unless you work to keep it. If you don’t use it you lose it.
If I am going to miss one of the two, running or cycling, during a day it will be cycling. Running is a demand by River, my lab. She will herd me out the door.
River is 9 years old and runs as well as she did at 2. We run trails, which avoid traffic. We both enjoy it.
Running can pay back in archery tournaments. Those long hours standing on a range are rough. There are times I’d rather have been running rather than standing and slowly walking for three and a half to four hours.
Archery over long periods of time takes a mental toll. As you fatigue from a lack of fitness mental mistakes are more prone to appear. Running can improve your fitness and may reduce the possibly of an error that is associated with being physically drained.
In every sport with every athlete there are peaks and valleys in performance. In archery there are times when it seems easy to find the X. There are times with arrows seem to circle the X just missing. It can be frustrating.
Maintaining a log of data you can review your peaks and valleys. Over time, with consistent practice, those gaps between highs and lows diminish. The gap remains, only the intervals between them narrow.
When you begin entering a slump pause to evaluate what has changed? Is it fatigue or over training? Is your form slipping? Is your mind elsewhere? Did anything drift with your equipment?
The answer to a dip in performance may make itself obvious. Sometimes having your coach watch you practice and that extra set of eyes may notice something amiss in your process you’ve overlooked.
If you don’t have a coach at hand try something different. An easy approach to helping discover what is wrong is simply changing your release. If you have two different releases they’ll activate slightly different. The change may help you keep or regain your edge.
If you’re over training take a break. You should have recovery days planned within your training plan.
If all else fails check your gear. Things can shift with a bow. Cumulative incremental shifts can add up.
Expect that all days aren’t the same. But, you can work through anything.
That’s about the size of it. Dr. Suess couldn’t have said it any better had he been a spectator at an archery tournament.
Archers are not the most fit of athletes. Oh sure, archers can stand real still. That alone is a skill. But, as a long tournament wears on that standing still part becomes less still. Being fit can help you sustain the still focus you need for archery.
USA Archery sent out the first edition of the Athletes Development Model. In it the authors break down age groups. When the model reaches the 15 – 17 year old age group the instructions includes: Training will include mental, strength, cardiovascular and coordination training. They further suggest strength training along with nutrition training.
That remains a theme for athletes until the age of 60 where they drop the strength, cardiovascular and change it to – May include light strength and coordination training.
Here me now and believe me later, if you are over 50 and are not doing any resistance training like lifting weights you are going to lose muscle mass. If you’re over 60 and have neglected cardiovascular training you’ll be in for a surprise should you start.
You don’t need to be a lean cardio machine to be good at archery. However, being fit at a young age and hanging onto that fitness can pay dividends as you age. Even if you’ve never held onto any general fitness working to improve your health through fitness training is a good thing.
River has a serious problem leaving me alone while I’m trying to practice archery. She’d much rather I played stick, chase, or run with her. So, self-centered. If she is given a bone, I am entirely forgotten. Until the bone is gone.
It isn’t like she’s been ignored all day. After breakfast we run for a few miles. We avoid busy roads running mostly over trails in the woods we own and along the easement of nearby property. Until recently we cut through undeveloped land filled with trails. Those paths are now unavailable because a couple of guys think they’ll shoot deer on that land.
During archery practice, River needs to stay calm. She’s not too bad so long as I toss a stick between ends. If I fail to comply all barking will break loose. Sticks do the trick for a bit. A bone is better.
Running is part of my archery training. Being in as good of condition as I can I believe helps during long tournaments. If you compete you know you’ll be on your feet for hours. There’s a lot of walking involved.
The tournament this weekend is one where my age group will shoot: 70 meters, 60, meters, 50 meters and 30 meters. At each distance there are 36 arrows shot in 6 arrow ends. This works out to a total of 1.75 miles of walking back and forth. Here’s how I got that it:
70 meters is @ 77 yards. Round trip to the target is 154 yards. There are 6 ends and 2 “Official” warm up ends. That means 8 round trips of 154 yards or 1232 yards. At 60 meters, or 66 yards, the total is 792 (6 ends only – no practice, same for the other two distances), 50 meters, 55 yards or 660 yards, and finally 30 meters, 33 yards, for 396 a total of 3080. The sum of the distances in miles is 1.75.
That isn’t all – you’ll end up adding another 800+ yards per day walking to and from the car, to registration, visiting friends and firing off “unofficial” practice arrows. The total walked is going to be closer to 2.66 miles. Not far to walk unless you never walk a lot. This can be especially taxing when the temperature is expected to reach the upper 90’s while you’re walking back and forth and trying to hit a target with an arrow in between the hiking. Running can help reduce the impact of being unconditioned in such a situation. So, River and I run.
River is a great running partner. Afterwards, during archery practice she’s often times less than an idea spectator. Give that dog a bone.
USA Archery coaches must have a background screening completed every couple of years. The coaches, of course, must pay for the check. Mine came due a few weeks ago. I paid my fee, someone checked me out and from USA Archery sent this email: “We are pleased to inform you that your background screening has been successfully processed. You have received a green light from the third party background screening vendor, SSCI.”
I suppose the other coaches involved with sports under the USOC guidelines must do the same, but I don’t know.
Coaches also have to take and complete all sorts of courses aimed at keeping athletes safe. Those too, for me, came due. I spent an afternoon completing the courses and taking the exams. It is part of the “Safe Sport” program. There is no fee associated with those courses.
The background screening and “Safe Sport” programs are necessary to stay active as a coach. I’m a level 3 NTS coach. There’s a level 4 being taught in Statesboro, Georgia. For that I’m on the wait list. Another Level 4 is open, but it is in California.
When I started this archery experiment it was based in part on talent transfer. One of the goals was to achieve a specific level of skill comparable to cycling or triathlon. I have reached that point. There are four other goals: One to win a National Championship, two win a World Championship and three to earn a pre-set amount of money through the sport.
There are three areas where I’d like to achieve a pre-set financial target through archery are: Shooting, coaching, and this website. If I wasn’t retired from my prior career this would definitely have been put in a holding pattern or more likely have never gotten off the ground. Fortunately, I’m in a position where I can continue the experiment. Along the way I’ll have to move forward with the coaching potential, keep writing, and continue to practice.
Each of you has a level of training, or a workload, that will maximize your performance. Finding it is a trick.
There’s an excellent archer, multi-time World Champion, who practices archery for an hour per day. Another famous archer, a great 3D shooter, says he shoots 30 arrows per day. He claims he shoots 30 perfect shots a day and puts his bow down. I suppose that can work in 3D were 30 arrows per day might be physically enough. However, that might not be enough if you need to shoot over 100 arrows a day. There’s another top dog archer that says you can’t practice enough. For each of them, their training seems to work. They’ve won a lot of tournaments.
For the remainder of us we might need a more formal approach. An hour a day, 30 arrows a day or shoot all day isn’t, in general, a set of rules to train by.
Most archers are not making a living as a professional athlete. A few are and only a few. This is true for most sports and most athletes. The bulk of athletes have a day job – including most “Professional” archers. As such, your time is limited and valuable. So, your training needs to be planned.
Showing up at a range whenever you get a chance is fun. It is unlikely to land you on many podiums. If your goal is a good time you can achieve that goal. If your goal is to be a State, National or World Champion your training will require more than having a break in your schedule to go shoot. The question will ultimately be how bad do you want it and what are you willing to give up to get it.
You may be able to create your own training plan. Many if not most amateur athletes are self-coached. Even if you are a ‘pro’ you may be self-coached. Should you find yourself struggling let me help. No – my help is not Pro Bono and not for everyone. There’s also a limit to how many I can coach.
If you are in need of help forming a personalized and physiologically founded training program for archery send me an email at: Dlain117@yahoo.com.
.Chrissie Wellington is a champion of the Ironman. In fact, she’s never lost a race at the Ironman distance, 2.4-mile swim, 112 bike, and 26.2 mile run. She has lost at the shorter distances, but never at the longest distance. She won the Ironman World Championship the very first she tried it – a rare occurrence. And, she always seemed to be smiling. Everytime she raced the 140.6 mile triathlon she won it.
Wellington needed coaching and a place to train during her development as a triathlete. She was already really good but needed some help. She found a coach and within that coach’s pool were other athletes.
Unlike the other athletes, Wellington, before deciding to become a professional athlete had a career with the British State Department and was a rising star for the English. When she arrived at the coach’s camp she was clearly a grown-up who had taken a gamble. That gamble led her to this coach who turned out to be a bit toxic.
Being mature and experienced with that sort of individual and environment she recognized it wasn’t for her. She left to become one of the greatest athletes in the history of triathlon.
So, here are some points: As an athlete it isn’t your job to “please” the coach. It isn’t your place to accept any sarcastic or demeaning comments by anyone on the coaching staff- even if they aren’t officially associated with you. If you are a coach, whether you are coaching a particular athlete or not, it is not your place to project toxic language to anyone. The coach’s place is to see toxic language and behavior is not included in any aspect. If you are an athlete and you find yourself in such an environment move on. And if necessary report the behavior.
Brian Mackenzie is a performance coach for the United Kingdom Track and Field Team. In 1997 he published a sports science paper in Psychologythat remains widely referenced and applied today. (1,)Mackenzie has illuminated some of the common denominators found among elite athletes. These common elements, associated with mental fitness, are what Mackenzie calls the “4C’s.”
The 4Cs are:
Concentration:your ability to maintain focus.
Confidence:believing in your ability.
Control:your ability to maintain emotional control regardless of the distraction.
Commitment:your ability to continue working toward your goal. (1)
It seems Mackenzie’s work is ideally suited for archery. Whether training, hunting or in competition the 4 C’s are relevant.
Mackenzie, B. (1997) Psychology [WWW] available from: http//www.brianmac.co.uk/psych.htm
When I was in my twenties I could go on an eighty training one day and hammer it out again the next day. In fact, 120 miles rides day after day weren’t uncommon. When I turned 40 I began to notice my legs felt sluggish for a day or two following a hard training ride or race. Since I turned 50 I can’t recall a day where I haven’t been sore.
“Masters athletes completing two training sessions per day should maximize the duration of the recovery period (i.e., early morning and late afternoon). Alternatively, following exercise that results in muscle damage such as weights or hard training, it should be expected that exercise performance will be reduced for up to 24 hours.” (1)
Right now my legs are sore. I’ve been running a lot over the past few weeks. Nearly every morning I head out for 30 to 90 minutes. During the afternoons I’ve been on a bike for 30 to 90 minutes. There isn’t a duathlon on the horizon. There is a 5K I’ll be running but it isn’t serious. Nope, there isn’t a bike race looming in the near future. I’ve been putting in those miles thinking about 2020. Even so, I might not compete in any of those sports. Archery is the primary sport for 2020. All the other exercise is part of a fitness plan I have in place for archery.
Archery practice includes 3 to 5 hours of shooting per day. That is broken into two practice sessions, morning and afternoon. All of this exercise is supplemented by 30 minutes every morning of stretching and balance. It is a lot of training. I’m sore.
It isn’t a painful soreness. It is the kind of physical effort that lends itself to a good night’s sleep. It isn’t delayed onset muscle soreness, that awful pain that sometimes follows a particularly heavy effort that one might not be accustom. No, it is a general soreness and eases once I start a run, ride or shooting session. This isn’t how I felt at twenty-one. I barely remember being sore during those youthful days.
As we age, I’ll be 65 soon, it take us longer to recover. As part of recovery I plan one day a week or every 10 days were I don’t do more that the morning stretch and balance as far as training is concerned. Furthermore, I take a nap, 30 to 40 minutes, everyday after lunch. That nap is part of my training plan. During my bicycle racing days we had a set of rules that included: Don’t stand when you can sit, don’t sit when you can lay down. I know that short nap helps with the afternoon training.
If you’re among the Masters athletes in any sport you might be envious of those kids in their 20s and 30s. In archery we can perform longer at a higher level than most other sports. You will still need to plan recovery times. Use your head, plan your practices and training, and you shoot as well as the kids.
If you plan your recovery and taper before major events make sure you’ve practice that schedule before the event. I find if I am too rested I tend to shoot a bit high. I also know, that lifting weights on Monday screws up archery for Tuesday. (1)
Be aware, all you Masters archers and athletes, it will take you longer to recover. (Trying to ‘Will’ a faster recovery doesn’t seem to work. I’m trying it right now. No dice.)